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[2118] Canadian pattern of care for anemia: comparison of chemotherapies in adjuvant breast cancer setting.

Quinn AM, Wong C, Younus J, Dranitsaris G, Goel R, Trudeau M Ortho Biotech, Toronto, ON, Canada; Robarts Research Institute, London, ON, Canada; London Regional Cancer Centre, London, ON, Canada; 283 Danforth Ave, Ste 448, London, ON, Canada; Ottawa Regional Cancer Centre, Ottawa, ON, Canada; Sunnybrook Odette Cancer Centre, Toronto, ON, Canada

Background: Anemia is a common side effect of chemotherapy in adjuvant breast cancer patients (pts) but its treatment may be inconsistent. Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) are the only alternative to blood transfusion in the treatment of chemotherapy-induced anemia, yet their appropriate use continues to be defined. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of anemia associated with adjuvant chemotherapy in Canadian breast cancer pts and to explore the corrective interventions which were undertaken.
Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted at 11 cancer centres in Ontario, Canada. Beginning on September 1, 2004 data were collected for 60 consecutive cases of adjuvant breast cancer at each centre, giving a total of 620 patients. Chemotherapy consisted mainly of FEC100, AC-T, AC, CEF, FEC50, and AC-T Dose Dense. Overall, 8% of pts were enrolled in a clinical trial and 76% received adjuvant radiotherapy. Hemoglobin level (Hb), supportive therapy (antibiotics, GCSF, ESA, and transfusion) and type of chemotherapy were recorded at each cycle.
Results: The median pt age was 53. The mean baseline Hb was 132.8 (92.0-163) g/L, 11.6% of pts had Hb<120g/L. During the course of chemotherapy, the percentage of subjects with Hb<120 at least once was 55.8%, Hb<110 was 37.8%, Hb<100 was 21.2 % and Hb<90 was 11.5%, with a median of 36.0, 52.5, 71.0, and 75.0 days to develop anemia respectively. For pts whose Hb dropped below 100 g/L, 45.4% occurred after the 1st cycle, 68.8% after the 2nd, 83.7% after the 3rd, and 92.2% after the 4th chemotherapy cycle. Overall, 13.2% of subjects received prophylactic antibiotics, 26.3% were supported by G-CSF, 9.0% received an ESA (epoetin alfa) during their chemotherapy and 7.4% were transfused. The rates of anemia as well as means of intervention are summarized in Figure 1. ESAs were not used prophylactically in this setting.
Conclusions: In Canada, breast cancer patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy commonly become anemic during their course of treatment. This retrospective study demonstrated that ESAs play an important role in the management of anemia in the adjuvant setting. Canadian treatment guidelines recommend that ESA therapy be initiated when Hb <100 g/L. Our finding shows that 42% of patients whose Hb dropped below 100g/L were treated with ESAs, suggesting that ESAs were not overused in Canadian practice.




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Goddess Forever
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Just saw this Gina ... thanks!!

When you get to the end of your rope, tie a knot and hang on...Franklin D. Roosevelt
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